Selected Bibliography for Cybersecurity

This list is a work in progress that we update regularly as new reports are found and/or published. If you have suggestions for additions, send them to techpolicy@csis.org.


Abbassi, Puja, Martin Kaul, Vivek Mohan, Yi Shen, and Zev Winkelman. “Securing the Net: Global Governance in the Digital Domain.” Global Public Policy Institute, September 2013.

Abele-Wigert, Isabelle, and Myriam Cavelty. "International CIIP International Handbook 2006." Center for Security Studies. 2006.

Ablon, Lillian, Martin C. Libicki and Andrea A. Golay. “Markets for Cybercrime Tools and Stolen Data.”  RAND Corporation. 2014.

Applegate, Scott D. “The Dawn of Kinetic Cyber.” Presented at the 5th International Conference on Cyber Conflict, Tallinn, Estonia, June 4-7, 2013.

Arimatsu, Louise, “A Treaty for Governing Cyber-Weapons: Potential Benefits and Practical Limitations.” Presented at the 4th International Conference on Cyber Conflict, Tallinn, Estonia, 2012.

Arquilla, John. “Cyberwar Is Already Upon Us.” Foreign Policy, February 27, 2012.

Austin, Greg. “International Legal Norms in Cyberspace: Evolution of China’s National Security Motivations.” In International Cyber Norms: Legal, Policy & Industry Perspectives, edited by Anna-Maria Osula and Henry Rõigas, NATO CCD COE Publication, Tallinn, 2016.

Austin, Greg, Bruce McConnell, and Jan Neutze. “Promoting International Cyber Norms: A New Advocacy Forum.” EastWest Institute. 2015.

Baker, Stewart, Shaun Waterman, and George Ivanov. “In the Crossfire.” McAfee, Inc. and the Center for Strategic and International Studies. 2010.

Baker, Stewart, Natalia Filipiak, and Katrina Timlin. “In the Dark.” McAfee, Inc. and the Center for Strategic and International Studies. 2011.

Ball, Desmond. “China’s Cyber Warfare Capabilities.” Security Challenges 7, no. 2 (Winter 2011): 81-103.

Ball, Desmond, and Gary Waters. “Cyber Defence and Warfare.” Security Challenges 9, no. 2 (2013): 91-98.

Baylon, Caroline, Roger Brunt, and David Livingstone. “Cyber Security at Civil Nuclear Facilities: Understanding the Risk.” Chatham House. 2015.

Beidleman, Scott W. “Defining and Deterring Cyber War.” Master’s thesis, U.S. Army War College, June 2009.

Bejtlich, Richard. "Outside Perspectives on the Department of Defense Cyber Strategy." The Brookings Institution. September 29, 2015.

Bejtlich, Richard. “Strategic Defense in Cyberspace: Beyond Tools and Tactics.” In Cyber War in Perspective: Russian Aggression against Ukraine, ed. Kenneth Geers, 159-170. Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publication, 2015.

Bendiek, Annegret and Tobias Metzger. “Deterrence theory in the cyber-century: Lessons from a state-of-the-art literature review.” Lecture Notes in Informatics (LNI), Gesellschaft fur Informatik, Bonn, 2015.

Benitz, Jorge, and Jason Healey. “Cyber Offense is King.” The Atlantic Council. July 30, 2012.

Borum, Randy, and Ronald Sanders. “Cyber Intelligence: Preparing Today: for Tomorrow’s Threats.” Intelligence and National Security Alliance, 2015.

Bosch, Olivia. "Defending Against Cyber Terrorism: Preserving the Legitimate Economy." In Business and Security: Public-Private Sector Relationships in a New Security Environment, by Alyson J.K. Bailes and Isabel Frommelt, 187-96.
New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Beeker, Kevin R. “Strategic Deterrence in Cyberspace: Practical Application” Master’s thesis, Air Force Institute of Technology, 2009.

Beeker, Kevin R., Robert F. Mills, Michael R. Grimaila, and Michael W. Haas. “Operationally Responsive Cyberspace: A Critical Piece in the Strategic Deterrence Equation.” In Thinking about Deterrence: Enduring Questions in a Time of Rising Powers, Rogue Regimes, and Terrorism, edited by Adam Lowther, 37-47. Alabama: Air University Press, 2013.

Blackburn, John and Gary Waters. “Optimising Australia’s Response to the Cyber Challenge.” Kokoda Paper No. 14, Kokoda Foundation, 2011.

Boo, Hyeong-Wook and Kang-Kyu Lee. “Cyber War and Policy Suggestions for South Korean Planners.International Journal of Korean Unification Studies 21, no. 2 (2012): 85-106.

Brantly, Aaron F. “Cyber Actions by State Actors: Motivation and Utility.” International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 27, no. 3 (2014): 465-484.

Breaux, Travis D. and Catherine B. Lotrionte. “Towards a privacy management framework for distributed cybersecurity in the new data ecology.” Presented at Technologies for Homeland Security, 2011 IEEE International Conference on Digital Object Identifier, Waltham, Massachusetts, November 15-17, 2011.

Bronk, Christopher. “Blown to Bits: China’s War in Cyberspace, August-September 2020.” Strategic Studies Quarterly, (Spring 2011): 1-20.

Bronk, Christopher. “A Governance Switchboard: Scalability Issues in International Cyber Policymaking.” Baker Institute for Public Policy, Rice University. 2012.

Bronk, Christopher. “From Tunis to Tunis: Considering the Planks of U.S. International Cyber Policy, 2005-2011.” James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy. 2012.

Bronk, Christopher. “Hacks on Gas: Energy, Cybersecurity, and U.S. Defense.” James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy. 2014.

Bronk, Christopher and Eneken Tikk-Ringas. “Hack or Attack? Shamoon and the Evolution of Cyber Conflict.” Survival, Global Politics and Strategy 55, no. 2 (2013): 81-96.

Buchan, Russell. “The International Legal Regulation of State-Sponsored Cyber Espionage.” InInternational Cyber Norms: Legal, policy & Industry Perspectives edited by Anna-Maria Osula and Henry Rõigas, 65-86. Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publication, 2016.

Bumgarner, John and Scott Borg. “Overview by the US-CCU of the Cyber Campaign against Georgia.” U.S. Cyber Consequences Unit. 2009.

Calvo, Alex. “Cyberwar is War.” Small Wars Journal 10, no. 4 (2014).

Canabarro, Diego Rafael and Thiago Borne. “Reflections on the Fog of (Cyber)War.” NCDG Policy Working Paper No. 13-001, National Center for Digital Government, 2013.

Cardash, Sharon L. “Obama’s cybersecurity initiative: a start but businesses – and individuals – need to do more.” The Conversation. February 24, 2015.

Carey, Casimir C. III. “NATO’s Options for Defensive Cyber Against Non-State Actors.” U.S. Army War College. 2013.

Carr, Jeffrey. “Responsible Attribution: A prerequisite for Accountability.” Tallinn Paper No. 6. NATO CCD COE Publication, Tallinn, 2014.

Carr, Madeline. "Public–private Partnerships in National Cyber-security Strategies." Chatham House. January 2016.

Cartin, Josh M. “Don’t Forget the Humans: Toward a 21st Century Offensive Cyber Strategy.” Global Security Studies 5, no. 2 (2014): 12-26.

Caton, Jeffrey L. “Exploring the Prudent Limits of Automated Cyber Attack.” Presented at the 5thInternational Conference on Cyber Conflict, Tallinn, Estonia, June 4-7, 2013.

Caton, Jeffrey L. “Distinguishing Acts of War in Cyberspace: Assessment Criteria, Policy Considerations, and Response Implications” Strategic Studies Institute. U.S. Army War College. (October 2014).

Caton, Jeffrey L. “Army Support of Military Cyberspace operations: Joint Contexts and Global Escalation Implications” Strategic Studies Institute. U.S. Army War College. (January 2015).

Cavelty, Myriam D. “Cyber-Allies: Strengths and Weaknesses of NATO’s Cyberdefense Posture.” IP Global Edition 12, no. 3 (2012):11-15.

Cavelty, Myriam D. “The Art of CIIP Strategy: Tacking Stock of Content and Processes.” Critical Information Infrastructure Protection. (2012):15-38

Cavelty, Myriam D. “The militarization of cyber security as a source of global tension.” In Strategic Trends, edited by Zurich Mockli and Daniel Wegner, 103-124. 2012.

Cavelty, Myriam D. “The Militarisation of Cyberspace: Why Less May Be Better.” Paper presented at the 4th International Conference on Cyber Conflict, Tallinn, Estonia, 2012.

Cavelty, Myriam D. “A Resilient Europe for an Open, Safe, and Secure Cyberspace”. December 2013.

Cavelty, Myriam D. “From Cyber-Bombs to Political Fallout: Threat Representation with an Impact on Cyber-Security Discourse.” International Studies Review, 15. (2013):105-122.

Cavelty, Myriam D. “Breaking the Cyber-Security Dilemma: Aligning Security Needs and Removing Vulnerabilities.” Science of Engineering Ethics 20, no. 3 (2014).

Cavelty, Myriam D. “Cybersecurity in Switzerland.” Springer Briefs in Cybersecurity. New York City: Springer. 2014.

Cavelty, Myriam D. “Cyber Security.” In the Contemporary Security Studies vol. 4, edited by Alan Collins, 400-416. New York City: Oxford University Press, 2015.

Cavelty, Myriam D. “The normalization of cyber-international relations.” In Strategic Trends, edited by Oliver Thranert and Martin Zapfe, 81-98. 2015.

Chang, Amy. "Warring State: China's Cybersecurity Strategy." Center for a New American Security. December 3, 2014.

Chantzos, Ilias and Shireen Alam. “Technological integrity and the Role of Industry in Emerging Cyber Norms.” In International Cyber Norms: Legal, Policy & Industry Perspectives, edited by Anna-Maria Osula and Henry Rõigas, NATO CCD COE Publication, Tallinn, 2016.

Chen, Thomas M. “Cyberterrorism after STUXNET” Strategic Studies Institute. U.S. Army War College. (June 2014).

Chertoff, Michael, Frank Cilluffo. “A Strategy of Cyber Deterrence.” The John Hay Initiative. (2015).

Cilluffo, Frank J. “The Iranian Cyber Threat to the United States.” Homeland Security Policy Institute. April 14, 2012.

Cilluffo, Frank J. “Cyber Threats from China, Russia, and Iran: Protecting American Critical Infrastructure.” Homeland Security Policy Institute. March 20, 2013.

Cilluffo, Frank J. “A Global Perspective on Cyber Threats.” Center for Cyber and Homeland Security. June 16, 2015.

Cilluffo, Frank J., and J. Richard Knop. “Getting Serious About Cyberwarfare.” The Journal of International Security Affairs (2012):41-47.

Cilluffo, Frank J., and Joseph R. Clark. “Preparing for Netwars: Repurposing Cyber Command.” The Journal of International Security Affairs (2012):111-118.

Cilluffo, Frank J., and Joseph R. Clark. “Shoot, Move, Communicate: Thinking through Cyber’s Role in Ground Combat.” Military Review. (2015).

Cilluffo, Frank J., Sharon L. Cardash, and George C. Salmolraghl. "A Blueprint for Cyber Deterrence: Building Stability through Strength." Military and Strategic Affairs 4, no. 3 (December 2012): 3-23.

Clarke, Richard A. “Securing Cyberspace through International Norms: Recommendations for Policymakers and the Private Sector.” Good Harbor Security Risk Management, LLC. 2012.

Clayton, Blake and Adam Segal. “Addressing Cyber Threats to Oil and Gas Suppliers.” Council on Foreign Relations. 2013.

Colby, Elbridge. “Cyberwar and the Nuclear Option.” The National Interest, (June 24, 2013).

Cornish, Paul. “Governing Cyberspace through Constructive Ambiguity.” Survival 57, no. 3 (July 2015): 153-176

Cornish, Paul, David Livingstone, Dave Clemente, and Claire Yorke. “On Cyber Warfare.” Chatham House. 2010.

Cornish, Paul, David Livingstone, Dave Clemente, and Claire Yorke. “Cyber Security and the UK’s Critical National Infrastructure.” Chatham House. 2011.

Cornish, Paul, Rex Hughes, and David Livingstone. “Cyberspace and the National Security of the United Kingdom.” Chatham House. 2009.

Craig, Anthony and Brandon Valeriano. “Conceptualising Cyber Arms Races.” Presented at the 8thInternational Conference on Cyber Conflict, Tallinn, Estonia, 2016.

CSIS Commission on Cybersecurity for the 44th President. "A Human Capital in Crisis: TechnicalProficiency Matters." Center for Strategic and International Studies. November 2010.

CSIS Commission on Cybersecurity for the 44th President. “Securing Cyberspace for the 44thPresidency.” Center for Strategic and International Studies. December 2008.

"Cybersecurity Dilemmas: Technology, Policy, and Incentives: Summary of Discussions at the 2014 Raymond and Beverly Sackler U.S.-U.K. Scientific Forum." National Academy of Sciences. 2014.

Cybersecurity for State and Local Law Enforcement: A Roadmap to Enhance Capabilities.” The George Washington University Center for Cyber and Homeland Security. June 22, 2014.

Davis, John S. II, Martin C. Libicki, Stuart E. Johnson, Jason Kumar, Michael Watson, Andrew Karode. “A Framework for Programming and Budgeting for Cybersecurity.” RAND Corporation. 2016.

Davis, Paul K. “Deterrence, Influence, Cyber Attack, and Cyberwar.” New York University Journal of International Law and Politics 47, no. 2 (2014): 327-355.

Deibert, Ron. “Distributed Security as Cyber Strategy: Outlining a Comprehensive Approach for Canada in Cyberspace.” Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute, Mulk School of Global Affairs: University of Toronto. August 2012.

Deibert, Ron. “Bounding Cyber Power: Escalation and Restraint in Global Cyberspace.” Internet Governance Papers: Paper No. 6. Center for International Governance Innovation. 2013.

Deibert, Ron. “Divide and Rule: Republican Security Theory as Civil Society Cyber Society.” Georgetown Journal of International Affairs 20, (2014): 45-56.

Deibert, Ron. “The Geopolitics of Cyberspace After Snowden.” Current History 114, no. 768 (2015): 9-15.

Deibert, Ron, and Masashi Crete-Nishihata. “Global Governance and the Spread of Cyberspace Controls.” Global Governance 18, no. 3 (2012): 339-361.

Deibert, Ron and Rafal Rohozinski. “Liberation Vs. Control: The Future of Cyberspace.” Journal of Democracy 21, no. 4 (2010): 43-57.

Deibert, Ron, and Rafal Rohozinski. “Contesting Cyberspace and the Coming Crisis of Authority.” InAccess Contested: Security, Resistance, and Identity in Asian Cyberspace, edited by Ron Deibert, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, and

Jonathan Zittrain, 21-42. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 2011.

Deibert, Ron, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, and Jonathan Zittrain. “Access Contested: Toward the Fourth Phase of Cyberspace Controls.” In Access Contested: Security, Resistance, and Identity in Asian Cyberspace, edited by Ron

Deibert, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, and Jonathan Zittrain, 3-20. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 2011.

Delerue, François. “Civilian Direct participation in Cyber Hostilities.” IDP Revista de Internet, Derecho y Politica no. 19 (October 2014): 3-17.

Demchak, Chris C. and Peter J. Dombrowski. “Rise of a Cybered Westphalian Age”. Strategic Studies Quarterly, (Spring 2011): 31-62.

Demchak, Chris C. “Resilience and Cyberspace: Recognizing the Challenges of a Global Socio-Cyber Infrastructure (GSCI).” Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice 14, no. 3 (2012): 254-269

Demchak, Chris C. “Political and Economic Coercion and a Rising Cyber Westphalia.” In Peacetime Regimes for Governmental Cyber Operations: International Law, Foreign Affairs and Cyber-Diplomacy, edited by Katharina Ziolkowski, 595-
620. Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publication, 2013.

Demchak, Chris C. "Uncivil and Post-Western Cyber Westphalia:  Changing the International Power Relations of the Cybered World." Cyber Defense Review 1, no. 1 (2016): 49-74.

Denneson, Kristen, John Felker, Tonya Feyes, and Sean Kern. “Strategic Cyber Intelligence.” Intelligence and National Security Alliance. (2014).

Denning, Dorothy E. “Rethinking the Cyber Domain and Deterrence.” Joint Force Quarterly 77, no 2. (2015): 8-15.

Dewar, Robert. “Cyber-Lisbon? The Impact of the Treaty of Lisbon on European Union Cybersecurity Policy.” Presented at EUSA conference, Boston, 2015.

Dombrowski, Peter and Chris C. Demchak. “Cyber War, Cybered Conflict, and the Maritime Domain.Naval War College Review 67, no. 2 (Spring 2014): 71-96.

Dörmann, Knut. "Applicability of the Additional Protocols to Computer Network Attacks." International Committee of the Red Cross. November 19, 2004.

Ellis, Jamie M. “Chinese cyber espionage: a complementary method to aid PLA modernization.” Thesis, Navy Postgraduate School, 2015.

Ellis, Ryan. "The Vulnerability Economy: Zero-Days, Cybersecurity, and Public Policy." Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. February 2015.

Erskine, Toni and Madeline Carr. “Beyond ‘Quasi-Norms’: The Challenges and Potential of Engaging with Norms in Cyberspace.” In International Cyber Norms: Legal, Policy & Industry Perspectives, edited by Anna-Maria Osula and Henry Rõigas, 87-109. Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publication, 2016.

Fahrenkrug, David T. “Countering the Offensive Advantage in Cyberspace: An Integrated Defensive Strategy.” Presented at the 4th International Conference on Cyber Conflict, Tallinn, Estonia, 2013.

Feakin, Tobias. “Enter the Cyber Dragon: Understanding Chinese Intelligence Agencies’ Cyber Capabilities.” Australian Strategic Policy Institute. June 2013.

Feakin, Tobias. “Playing Blind-Man’s Buff: Estimating North Korea’s Cyber Capabilities.” International Journal of Korean Unification Studies 22, no. 2 (2013): 63-90.

Feakin, Tobias. “Developing a Proportionate Response to a Cyber Incident.” Council on Foreign Relations Press. August 2015.

Fidler, David P. “Cyber Deterrence and the OPM Hack: Making Threats that Lack Credibility and Leave Nothing to Chance?” Cybersecurity Review, (Autumn 2015): 77-81.

Fidler, David P, Richard Pregent, and Alex Vandurme. “NATO, Cyber Defense, and International Law.” Articles by Maurer Faculty. Paper 1672. 2013.

Fitzgerald, Ben, and Parker Wright. "Digital Theaters: Decentralizing Cyber Command and Control." Center for a New American Security. April 24, 2014.

Flook, Kara. "Russia and the Cyber Threat." American Enterprise Institute. May 13, 2009.

Fontaine, Richard. "Bringing Liberty Online: Reenergizing the Internet Freedom Agenda in a Post-Snowden Era." Center for a New American Security. September 18, 2014.

Futter, Andrew. “Hacking the bomb: Nuclear Weapons in the Cyber Age.” Draft Working Paper for ISA Annual Conference, New Orleans, LA, February, 2015.

Gartzke, Erik. “The Myth of Cyberwar.” International Security 38, no. 2 (Fall 2013): 41-73.

Gartzke, Erik and Jon R. Lindsay. “Cross-Domain Deterrence: Strategy in an Era of Complexity.” Prepared for the International Studies Association Annual Meeting, Toronto, 25-29 March, 2014.

Gartzke, Erik and Jon R. Lindsay. “Weaving Tangled Webs: Offense, Defense, and Deception in Cyberspace.” Security Studies 24, no. 2 (2015): 316-348.

Geer, Daniel E. "Cybersecurity and National Policy." Harvard National Security Journal 1 (April 7, 2010): 203-15.

Geer, Daniel E. “Dan Geer: In cybersecurity, expectations drive reality.” The Christian Science Monitor. November 19, 2015.

Geer, Daniel E. “What Does the Future Hold for Cyber Security?” Suits and Spooks. June 19, 2015.

Geers, Kenneth. “Pandemonium: Nation States, National Security, and the Internet.” Tallinn Paper No. 1, NATO CCD COE Publication, Tallinn, 2014.

Geiss, Robin. “Cyber Warfare: Implications for Non-international Armed Conflicts.” International Law Studies 89, (2013): 627-645.

Geist, Edward. “Deterrence Stability in the Cyber Age.” Strategic Studies Quarterly, (Winter 2015): 44-62.

Giles, Keir. “’Information Troops’ – a Russian Cyber Command?” Presented at the 3rd International Conference on Cyber Conflict, Tallinn, Estonia, 2011.

Giles, Keir. “Russia and Its Neighbors: Old Attitudes, New Capabilities.” In Cyber War in Perspective: Russian Aggression against Ukraine, ed. Kenneth Geers, 19-28. Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publication, 2015.

Giles, Keir and Andrew Monaghan. “Legality in Cyberspace: An Adversary View.” Strategic Studies Institute. U.S. Army War College. (March 2014).

Giles, Keir and Kim Hartmann. “Cyber Defense: An International View” Strategic Studies Institute. U.S. Army War College. (September 2015).

Gill, Terry D. and Paul A. L. Decheine. “Anticipatory Self-Defense in the Cyber Context.” International Law Studies 89, (2013): 438-471.

Glaser, Charles L. “Deterrence of Cyber Attacks and U.S. National Security.” The George Washington University Cyber Security Policy and Research Institute (June 2011).

Glennon, Michael J. “The Dark Future of International Cybersecurity Regulation.” Journal of National Security Law and Policy 6, (2013): 563-570.

Global Commission on Internet Governance. "Toward a Social Compact for Digital Privacy and Security." Chatham House. April 15, 2015.

Goldsmith, Jack. “The Cyberthreat, Government Network Operations, and the Fourth Amendment.” The Brookings Institution. December 08, 2010.

Goldsmith, Jack. “Cybersecurity: A Skeptical View.” in Future Challenges in National Security and Law, edited by Peter Berkowitz. (2013).

Goldsmith, Jack. “How Cyber Changes the Laws of War.” The European Journal of International Law24, no.1 (2013): 129-138.

Goodman, Will. “Cyber Deterrence: Tougher in Theory than in Practice?” Strategic Studies Quarterly.(Fall 2010): 102-135.

Gray, Colin S. “Making Strategic Sense of Cyber Power: Why the Sky is not Falling.” Strategic Studies Institute. U.S. Army War College. (April 2013).

Greylogic. “Project Grey Goose Report on Critical Infrastructure: Attacks, Actors, and Emerging Threats.” GreyLogic. January 21, 2010.

Hancock, Geoff, Christian Anthony, and Lincoln Kaffenberger. “Tactical Cyber Intelligence.” Intelligence and National Security Alliance. (2015).        

Haney, Cecil D. “Strategic Deterrence for the Future.” Air and Space Power Journal (July-August 2015): 4-8.

Hare, Forrest. “Borders in Cyberspace: Can Sovereignty Adapt to the Challenges of Cyber Security?” InThe Virtual Battlefield: Perspectives on Cyber Warfare edited by Christian Czosseck and Keneth Geers. Tallinn: NATO CCD COE
Publication, 2009.

Hare, Forrest. “The Significance of Attribution to Cyberspace Coercion: A Political Perspective.” Presented at the 4th International Conference on Cyber Conflict, Tallinn, Estonia, 2012.

Harold, Scott Warren, Martin C. Libicki, and Astrid Cevallos. "Getting to Yes with China in Cyberspace." RAND Corporation. 2016.

Hathaway, Melissa E. "Strategic Advantage: Why America Should Care About Cybersecurity." Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. October 2009.

Hathaway, Melissa E. “Cyber Readiness 1.0.” Hathaway Global LLC. (2013).

Hathaway, Melissa E. "Cyber Readiness Index 2.0" Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. November 30, 2015.

Hathaway, Oona A. “The Drawbacks and Dangers of Active Defense.” Presented at the 6th International Conference on Cyber Conflict, Tallinn, Estonia, 2014.

Hathaway, Oona A., Rebecca Crootof, Philip Levitz, Haley Nix, Aileen Nowlan, William Perdue, and Julia Spiegel. “The Law of Cyber-Attack.” California Law Review 100, (2012): 817-885.

Healey, Jason. “The Five Futures of Cyber Conflict and Cooperation.” Atlantic Council. Issue Brief. December 2011.

Healey, Jason. "Beyond Attribution: Seeking National Responsibility in Cyberspace." Atlantic Council. February 22, 2012.

Healey, Jason. “The US Cyber Policy Reboot.” The Atlantic Council. Issue Brief. March 2012.

Healey, Jason. “When “Not My Problem” Isn’t enough: Political Neutrality and National Responsibility in Cyber Conflict.” Presented at the 4th International Conference on Cyber Conflict, Tallinn, Estonia, 2012.

Healey, Jason and A.J. Wilson. “Cyber Conflict and the War Powers Resolution: Congressional Oversight of Hostilities in the Fifth Domain.” Georgetown Journal of International Affairs Special Issue: International Engagement on Cyber,
(2012): 59-69.

Healey, Jason and Klara Tothova Jordan. “NATO’s Cyber Capabilities: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow.” Atlantic Council. 2014.

Healey, Jason and Michelle Cantos. “What’s Next for Putin in Ukraine: Cyber Escalation?” In Cyber War in Perspective: Russian Aggression against Ukraine, ed. Kenneth Geers, 153-158. Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publication, 2015.

Heinl, Caitriona H. “Regional Cyber Security: Moving Towards a Resilient ASEAN Cyber Security Regime.” S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Working Paper no. 263, September 2013.

Heinl, Caitriona H. “Artificial (Intelligent) Agents and Active Cyber Defence: Policy Implications.” Presented at the 6th International Conference on Cyber Conflict, Tallinn, Estonia, 2014.

Heinl, Caitriona H. “National Security Implications of Increasingly Autonomous Technologies: Defining Autonomy, and Military and Cyber-Related Implications Part 1.” S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies. Policy Report. February 2015.

Heinl, Caitriona H. “National Security Implications of Increasingly Autonomous Technologies: Legal Ambiguity, Challenges in Controlling this Space, Public/Private Sector Dynamics and Ethical Concerns.” S. Rajaratnam School of
International Studies. Policy Report. February 2015.

Heinl, Caitriona H. “Enabling Better Multinational and International Military Cooperation for Cyber-Related Matters Across Asia and Europe.” S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies. Policy Report. March 2015.

Heinl, Caitriona H. “Civil-Military Relations and International Military Cooperation in Cyber Security: Common Challenges & State Practices Across Asia and Europe.” Presented at the 7th International Conference on Cyber Conflict, Tallinn, Estonia, 2015.

Heintschel von Heinegg, Wolff. “Legal Implications of Territorial Sovereignty in Cyberspace.” Presented at the 4th International Conference on Cyber Conflict, Tallinn, Estonia, 2012.

Heintschel von Heinegg, Wolff. “Neutrality in Cyberspace.” Presented at the 4th International Conference on Cyber Conflict, Tallinn, Estonia, 2012.

Hengel, Steven Jr, Sean Klern, and Andrea Little Limbago. “Operational Cyber Intelligence.” Intelligence and National Security. (2014).

Hurwitz, Roger, "A Call to Cyber Norms: Discussions at the Harvard-MIT-University of Toronto Cyber Norms Workshops, 2011 and 2012."

Iasiello, Emilio. “Cyber Attack: A Dull Tool to Shape Foreign Policy.” NATO CCD COE Publication, Tallinn, (2013).

Iasiello, Emilio. “Hacking Back: Not the Right Solution.” Parameters 44, no. 3 (2014): 105-113.

Isaiello, Emilio. “Is Cyber Deterrence an Illusory Course of Action.” Journal of Strategic Security 7, no. 1 (Spring 2014): 54-67. 

Iasiello, Emilio. “Are Cyber Weapons Effective Military Tools?” Military and Strategic Affairs, 7, no. 1 (2015):23-40.

Iasiello, Emilio. “Ramping Down Chinese Commercial Cyber Espionage.” Foreign Policy Journal. December 9, 2015.

ICANN. "Plan for Enhancing Internet Security, Stability, and Resiliency." May 16, 2009.

Intelligence and National Security Alliance Cyber Intelligence Task Force. "Cyber Intelligence: Setting the Landscape for an Emerging Discipline." Intelligence and National Security Alliance. September 2011.

Intelligence and National Security Alliance Cyber Intelligence Task Force. "Operational Levels of Cyber Intelligence" Intelligence and National Security Alliance. September 2013.

Intelligence and National Security Alliance Cyber Intelligence Task Force. "Operational Cyber Intelligence." Intelligence and National Security Alliance. October 2014.

Intelligence and National Security Alliance Cyber Intelligence Task Force. "Strategic Cyber Intelligence." Intelligence and National Security Alliance. March 2014.

Intelligence and National Security Alliance Cyber Intelligence Task Force. "Tactical Cyber Intelligence." Intelligence and National Security Alliance. December 2015.

Intelligence and National Security Alliance Cyber Task Force. "Addressing Cyber Security Through Public - Private Partnership: An Analysis of Existing Models." Intelligence and National Security Alliance. November 2009.

Intelligence and National Security Alliance Rebalance Task Force. "Expectations of Intelligence in the Information Age" Intelligence and National Security Alliance. October 2012.

Jabbour, Kamal ST. “Cyber Vision and Cyber Force Development.” Strategic Studies Quarterly (Spring 2010): 63-73.

Jabbour, Kamal ST. and E. Paul Ratazzi. “Deterrence in Cyperspace.” In Thinking about Deterrence: Enduring Questions in a Time of Rising Powers, Rogue Regimes, and Terrorism, edited by Adam Lowther, 37-47. Alabama: Air University
Press, 2013.

Jaitner, Margarita Levin. “Russian Information Warfare: Lessons from Ukraine.” In Cyber War in Perspective: Russian Aggression against Ukraine, ed. Kenneth Geers, 87-94. Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publication, 2015.

Jasper, Scott. “Deterring Malicious Behavior in Cyberspace.” Strategic Studies Quaterly. Spring 2015. 60-85.

Jensen, Eric T. “Cyber Deterrence.” Emory International Law Review 26 issue 2. (2012):775-824.

Jensen, Eric T. “Cyber Attacks: Proportionality and Precautions in Attack.” International Law Studies 89, (2013): 198-217.

Joyner, Christopher C. and Catherine Lotrionte. “Information Warfare as International Coercion: Elements of a Legal Framework.” European Journal of International Law 12, no. 5 (2001): 825-865.

Junio, Timothy J. “How Probable is Cyber War? Bringing IR Theory Back in to the Cyber Conflict Debate.” Journal of Strategic Studies, (2013).

Kaljurand, Marina. “United Nations Group of Governmental Experts: The Estonian Perspective.” InInternational Cyber Norms: Legal, Policy & Industry Perspectives edited by Anna-Maria Osula and Henry Rõigas, NATO CCD COE Publication, Tallinn, 2016.

Kanuck, Sean. “Sovereign Discourse on Cyber Conflict under International Law.” Texas Law Review 88, (2010): 1571-1597.

Kaska, Kadri, Anna-Maria Osula, LTC Jan Stinissen. “The Cyber Defence Unit of the Estonian Defence League: Legal, Policy and Organisational Analysis.” NATO CCD COE, Tallinn, 2013.

Kaska, Kadri, Eneken Tikk, and Liis Vihul. "International Cyber Incidents: Legal Considerations." NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence. 2010.

Kello, Lucas. “The Meaning of the Cyber Revolution: Perils to Theory and Statecraft.” International Security 38, no. 2 (2013): 7-40.

Kerttunen, Mika and Saskia Kiisel. “Norms for International Peace and Security: The Normative Frameworks of International Cyber Cooperation.” ICT4Peace Norms Project, GCCS 2015, 2015. 

Khan, Zafar. “Strategizing Cyber Revolution within the Domain of Security Studies.” IPRI Journal, 15, no.2. (Summer 2015):95-112.

Kim, Sangbae. “Cyber Security and Middle Power Diplomacy: A Network Perspective.” The Korean Journal of International Studies 12, no. 2 (2014): 323-352.

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